Re-Designing Refugee Communities, Settlement Design, Large Community Site Design

Discussion in 'The big picture' started by Marcus Busby, Sep 19, 2015.

  1. Billy VanCuren

    Billy VanCuren New Member

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    Marcus,

    Thanks for the thoughts. The personnel that I advise and I were actually talking about their department's response in the event of an earthquake (my random choice regarding emergency/crisis responses) 2 hours prior to this happening. Things couldn't have worked out better - We had the right numbers to call at the new ministry etc. I'm trying to get an idea of the scope of damage now (close to 8000 homes with less than a few weeks to bad winter weather) and what that means for the newly homeless.

    Thanks for pointing out Rosemary. I had found the site about Samsortya previously and it helped to see the linkage with the other items.

    I'm also trying to figure out my daily rhythm as for getting online and continuing to look through this vast forum for information and responding to conversations!

    Billy
     
  2. 9anda1f

    9anda1f Administrator Staff Member

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    As everyone knows, the situation in Afghanistan is not good. One of the key issues in Kabul is the explosive population growth since 2001. As an indication:

    "Despite the myriad problems, there is reason to hope. A new plan to guide Kabul’s development for the next 15 years was finally approved in May. It estimates that Kabul’s population will grow to around 8 million. The streets, which were planned for 30,000 cars and which now accommodate about 400,000 vehicles, are by then expected to have some 800,000 vehicles."
    from: http://www.citylab.com/design/2013/08/kabuls-utterly-mundane-urban-planning-crisis/6447/

    With a city "designed" for a mere 500,000 people the current 3.1 million residents (read refugees) has strained things to the breaking point. From reports we've received from in-country, Kabul is basically surrounded by an ad-hoc refugee camp without fences.

    @Billy VanCuren is this your observation also?

    Anyhow, as our winter's project we have begun to do an energy flow analysis of various household types in-and-near Kabul and Jalabad in preparation for proposing some key approaches and techniques to improve the situations faced by a majority of the population in these areas.

    All of this must take into consideration the security issues faced by the Afghan people, including the fact that indications of western technology attract the attention (and retribution) of the "insurgents".

    One of the things we need is information about how the people are actually living in Kabul, how they get their food, shelter, water, etc and feedback on how some ideas might be received the these folks and actually implemented. For instance, we once proposed using household food "waste" as compost materials and chicken feed supplements, but were told that there is no food "waste", it is all eaten by somebody.

    Our focus is on what the people in Kabul and surrounds can do for themselves using what resources they are able to discover, re-purpose, and adapt towards capturing water, growing food, and staying warm (especially in Kabul).

    Thoughts?
     
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  3. Billy VanCuren

    Billy VanCuren New Member

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    Those are my observations.

    If there is a list of questions (any specific one not mentioned) already developed, I have access to several different populations that I can "survey" to get some responses. The problem is that it will take a discussion vs a handout because so many people don't have the "reading" skill down very well.

    I finally found a policeman that has a farm outside town that I am discussing farming methodology with at this time. I have experience down in Paktika for what the villagers used as standard home heating and I am getting familiar with what the city (Kabul) has at their disposal. I am looking for any evidence of nurseries in the city, too. I haven't had time to find details related to the story about a "Future City" that broke in the last two days - http://afghanistantimes.af/muda-breaks-ground-on-smart-city-township-in-kabul/. There is a reference to the department that is handling it - Minister of Urban Development Affairs (http://muda.gov.af/en).

    I do drive the streets almost daily and there is absolutely a traffic/congestion issue that my counterparts have not experienced in any other countries. I spent 3 hours in traffic trying to move less than 5KM due to a lack of planning ability among the city's police force (I Advise the National level).

    I have addressed the concept of capturing rain water with my interpreters and it is a confusing concept...they just look at me and ask "why" because they have city water! I'm still working on this one. Fortunately, a friend of mine found the UC Davis link - http://afghanag.ucdavis.edu/natural-resource-management/soil-topics. This has considerably assisted the conversation.

    Almost everyone that has a house (not apartment) grows some sort of food stuff. I have been asking for what is grown and working through the language barrier of what certain vegetables are called just to find out what they are growing. Pictures have helped a lot with this. I have a basic list from my language training, but I focused on basic greeting and introductions and I'm sure that my skills will improve over the year.

    As for heating, articles like this are written for a reason: http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/01/13/us-afghanistan-winter-deaths-feature-idUSTRE70C0V220110113. Not too many rocket stoves operating around here.

    I have reached out to USAID, FAS, and the State Department, but anything agricultural has been drawn down or completely stopped due to the security concern.

    You are spot on with the retribution discussion for use of "Western" technology, but so many things can be "hidden" from a reuse or adaptation point that it is still possible to put forth ideas that will be implemented.
     
    Last edited: Nov 5, 2015
  4. 9anda1f

    9anda1f Administrator Staff Member

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    @Billy VanCuren: Found this little tidbit today:

    "Amadullah Zamir, the minister of Afghanistan's Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock, is touring the Pacific Northwest to learn how the U.S. cooperative extension system is organized and develop a first-hand understanding of on-farm water management and effective irrigation practices in arid-zone agriculture.

    Afghanistan’s minister of agriculture is touring the West to learn more about the U.S. extension system and irrigation practices.

    Minister Amadullah Zamir’s tour includes a Ritzville, Wash., wheat farm; a Pasco, Wash., potato processing facility; Washington State University’s Irrigation Research Station in Prosser; the Wheat Marketing Center in Portland and the University of California-Davis. Traveling with him is his secretary, strategic communications adviser and a senior adviser."
    http://www.capitalpress.com/Nation_World/Nation/20151107/afghanistan-ag-minister-touring-west
    (note the solitary comment: "His name is Assadullah Zamir not Amadullah"

    Ritzville is about 8 miles from my house! Do you think there's any opportunity here for us to speak with this gentleman about Permaculture? We could offer him a Chilgoza pine seedling as a gift.
     
  5. Billy VanCuren

    Billy VanCuren New Member

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    If you could have gotten him a Chilgoza pine seedling, I would be sure to ring his office when he gets back! I don't have a direct relationship with him, but there aren't too many degrees of separation around here.

    I'm trying to understand how people are growing their own food on a more common scale. The upfront difficulty is that a majority of the gardens are maintained by the women. One, that makes it difficult to discuss because it's not seen as a "manly" task. Two, since the female has the working knowledge of the garden, the male could be disgraced by not being able to address the question and so refuses to discuss. Granted, that is not true in all cases, but it is highly prevalent.

    I will be staying tuned to the Minister's page to see what is released regarding the visit. Thanks for the info!
     
  6. lostredwood

    lostredwood New Member

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    Wow, I am impressed by all in this thread. Hope to be as great of people as you all are one day.

    The initial resistance to rainwater capture is very interesting.
     
  7. Marcus Busby

    Marcus Busby Junior Member

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  8. Marcus Busby

    Marcus Busby Junior Member

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  9. Dorsa Jalalian

    Dorsa Jalalian New Member

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    Marcus,
    I'm an architect doing my masters in Urban design at University of Toronto. Always fascinated by the relationship between Conflicts and urban form, for my Thesis I am looking at refugee crisis and Canada’s plan to intake 25000 refugees in 2016 and proposing an urban design project in response to their immediate need for housing.my project aims to devise pragmatic ways to integrate new arrivals that avoid ghettos arising on city limits while also fostering urban regeneration.
    I'm looking at the early phase of refugee's settlement with the aim to provide a sustainable design which could turn into a long term settlement or to a future city (regarding the dezeen article)
    I am checking this forum everyday for updates and I enjoy your discussions and helpful links which interestingly are more or less the same articles and websites that me and my thesis adviser, Professor Hans Ibelings, are looking at.

    I'll update you with any interesting links that we found out and please keep the good work up.:)

    Dorsa
     
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  10. Marcus Busby

    Marcus Busby Junior Member

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    Hi Dorsa welcome to the PRI forum thanks for joining this thread. Dear Billy, 9andalf and Geoff apologies for being away for a bit on the road, but I have read your posts and conversations with great interest.

    For readers following this thread, Billy has started a new thread here focussing specifically on Kabul entitled "Life in Kabul, Afghanistan" I hope Billy can continue to be part of this thread too - time/circumstance permitting !

    Dorsa,

    Your Thesis is extremely interesting and can be of great benefit for our brothers and sisters in need, I wish you every success over the coming months with your research, design and implementation. And may it be that PRI forum members can offer you some support in which ever way we can.

    For the smart garden city design posted above, which is presented here because whilst designing it, it became apparent the ease and potentially short time-frame for installation, and subsequent extensions - being recursive/fractal... it can be particularly beneficial in said circumstances, also for urban extensions. The green infrastructure for ecosystem services I feel is essential for a refugee settlement, and indeed any settlement, to create and maintain economic sustainability, for positive health implications (physical and psychological) and indeed conducted using regenerative agriculture/agroforestry can be highly ecologically and socially beneficial.. in terms of system health and in terms of enviro psychology or biophila as some are referring to it.

    Over the past 18 months I have conducted an in depth academic literature review, because I originally wrote the proposal for a wider audience in plain language, but since found a need to verify the theory academically. The lit review is mainly peer-reviewed urban design, planning, sprawl mitigation, green infrastructure, ecosystem services, environmental psychology, ecology and some sociology journal articles.

    I'm in contact with, and have exchanged quite a number of emails with Professors Nikos Salingaros (UTSA, Texas), Prof. Pierre Frankhauser (TheMA - Uni Franche Comte), and Prof. Massimo Tadi (IMM Design Lab, Uni Milano). I have also recieved two email replies from Professor Mike Batty (CASA, UCL) who informed me he had forwarded my design to Dr Serge Salat of the Urban Morphology and Complex Systems Institute in Paris.

    I also extended the research into some aspects of philosophy, religion and economics. I believe these can be equally relevant to post disaster/conflict situations and for longer term stability.

    If you would like to discuss any of this at all it would be a pleasure.

    I'm certain we all look forward to your updates and contributions here, which can benefit a great many readers and likewise I hope we can also assist you.

    Have you contacted Kilian Kleinschmidt? He can be found on Twitter and is currently based in Austria. I have invited him to the forum here too, he repled and sent contact details, so I shall email him soon and invite him again, can be great for an architect to invite him too!!

    All the best, Marcus.



    ps notes...


    I have described a transport system here in non-academic terms, the modes can be changed respectively according to climate, culture and the size of development:

    http://circlesdesign.blogspot.fr/2015/04/transport-hierarchy.html

    I share relevant tweets via @fractalcities on twitter.

    There is so much to discuss/present academically, and that is part of the reason for the request for Creative Commons 4.0 attribution or Copyright – because I believe I can be a useful team member in terms of current knowledge of the latest research publications and also the design details which I have not found time to publish yet.

    Have you read about/contacted One Community Global at all? Jae Sabol is the MD, I think they are running a studio lab in USA, CA. They are working with a large team of grad and post grad students on a new-build green city designs, but equally relevant proposals for relief/post disaster/conflict situations.

    You mentioned the city centre/early stages devt... see below for a link to the One Community Global duplicable city centre: effectively a type of city seed !

    http://www.onecommunityglobal.org/duplicable-city-center/

    Some of the GI and ES journal articles I’ve posted on this Permaculture Knowledgebase. It s a 200 page website so there’s plenty of useful stuff on there!

    https://knowledgebase.permaculture.org.uk/practical-solutions/built-environment

    ah and just yesterday, the article below was published. In my original garden city proposal, i generalised by saying the residential buildings can be predominantly Earthship-style constructions – in terms of the energy saving, use of recycled materials, and SAFE (Sustainable Autonomy For Everyone) grid independent nature of their design. But the little hobbit houses in the article are prefab, and may serve a refugee situation well, considering the time frames for construction and the benefits yielded, also ease of unit transportation – lightweigh, stackable.. Not sure of the material, but remember reading in Ernest Callenbach’s book ‘Ecoptopia’ of a similar design made from stabilised cellulose-based plastic, which can be remolded for recycling purposes:

    http://interestingengineering.com/these-pre-fab-hobbit-homes-are-build-in-only-3-days/

    On a sociological level also lots to discuss regarding the city as a living being... recently discovered Aristotle’s City Soul analogy, but this was first described in Plato’s “Republic.” c400bc. I developed a model for this in 2006 but recently found it is an established concept made clearer by Aristotle in “Politics” c350bc... after researching further discovered it was a teaching first delivered via Mûsâ ibn Amram c1350BC/c-2052! This teaching of micro-macrocosm, when combined with contemporary psychology of Maslow, and more specifically/recently Koltko Rivera (cited above comment #1) is extremely valuable as a community hierarchy of needs, focussing on mutual self realisation ethic (human potential), and ecological ethic, among others - well defined by


    Six principles of a future scenario from Markley and Harmon et al.(1982, p202) see link below:

    1. convey a holistic sense of perspective or understanding of life;
    2. entail an ecological ethic, emphasizing the total community of
    life-in-nature and the oneness of the human race;
    3. entail a self-realization ethic, placing the highest value on development of selfhood and declaring that an appropriate function of all social institutions is the fostering of human develop-
    ment;
    4. be multi-leveled, multi-faceted, and integrative, accommodating
    various culture and personality types;
    5. involve balancing and coordination of satisfactions along many
    dimensions rather than the maximizing of concerns along one
    narrowly defined dimension (e.g. economic); and
    6. be experimental, open-ended, and evolutionary.

    http://www.global-vision.org/papers/changing-images-of-man.pdf

    For the self realization ethic (social mobility); this works well with Koltko-Riviera's (2006) article regarding Abraham Maslow's later theory of personal development.

    http://academic.udayton.edu/jackbauer/Readings 595/Koltko-Rivera 06 trans self-act copy.pdf

    For the ecological ethic (ecological modernization); this works well with the Green Infrastructure principles as outlined by Benedict and McMahon (2001) pp15-25

    http://www.sactree.org/assets/files/greenprint/toolkit/b/greenInfrastructure.pdf



    notes for later...

    Found some articles for community scale employment off \maslow's hierchy, also journalwhere china used as ecnomic devt model.. some organisations/corporations used it to bond colleagues...

    what interests meis koltko rivera presents/summarises maslows later writings - refrring to peak experiences etc.. so at least htere is a social tradjectory... in the west often success is money/career, in buddhism it is enlighteneent and lasting joyfulness to assist others...

    if starting a city these core central themes are worth consuidertaion as you aim an arrow before releasing

    for the city seed, for the city centre... what is a city? what is a city centre? its functions its needs, it's purpose, the bare reality of it... why did they happen? when are they best? when are they great? when are they terrible? etc

    what is the chharacter? of your city/development? the culture? the history... etc each city is born, each person is born.. what is the character, the soul like? the gifts, the talents, the beauty....

    another factor discussed is economics - eras or long wave cycles have been discsused by kondratieff... what s the next kondratieff...

    also consider what if all the world was urban... how to mitigate/ensure ecosystem heailth... these were all questions


     
    Last edited: Dec 10, 2015
  11. Marcus Busby

    Marcus Busby Junior Member

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    a conceptual design for energy efficient public transport system - but realised literlly can be the most diirect routes around a cityty
    http://circlesdesign.blogspot.fr/2015/04/transport-hierarchy.html
     
  12. Marcus Busby

    Marcus Busby Junior Member

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  13. Marcus Busby

    Marcus Busby Junior Member

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  14. Marcus Busby

    Marcus Busby Junior Member

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  15. Marcus Busby

    Marcus Busby Junior Member

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    via Gaiacraft Facebook post, August 22 2015:

    Rowe Morrow - Permaculture for Refugees micro-video

    Rosemary Morrow is one of the Grandmothers of the Permaculture Movement. She has focussed her work in Afghanistan, Uganda, East Timor, Solomon Islands, Vietnam and other places where disease, war and climatic disasters have created people of greatest need. Her unique perspective on permaculture for refugees is explored in this short video filmed during her Teacher Training at Applewood Permaculture Centre in the UK in the summer of 2015.

    http://www.bluemountainspermacultureinstitute.com.au

    video : Dana Wilson
    envoy : Delvin Solkinson
    http://www.gaiacraft.com

     
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  16. Marcus Busby

    Marcus Busby Junior Member

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    I emailed the CDU (Christian Democratic Union), Chancellor Angela Merkel's Political Party, at the start of November 2015, referring them to the Earthship "Call to Arms". And received the email below from Arthur Sandhaupt (arthur.sandhaupt@cdu.de).

    Please find below a google translate to English, the following post will contain the original German version. And below that, a copy of the original enquiry I made via the CDU website.

    The email response is probably a generic one, however it outlines the current public status of the CDU regarding the refugee situation, and also Arthur Sandhaupt (arthur.sandhaupt@cdu.de) may be a person to contact for further enquiry.

    The concluding sentence, makes me consider sending a proposal based upon complexity theory, using pattern language. i.e. the garden city design above:

    "So the task is very complex. Simple solutions can not exist therefore. Federal, state and local authorities are working hard to overcome in the short term together in a joint effort the tasks ahead of us. With commitment and common sense we will pass this test together. Our country has the power and the opportunities to do so."

    ________________________________________

    BEGIN EMAIL

    Dear Mr Busby,

    Thank you for your letter on asylum and refugees. I would like to explain the position of the CDU and the measures taken by the CDU-led federal government. Due to the high number of messages it is not possible for us to go into all aspects in detail.
    But due to the ongoing civil war in Syria since 2011 more than 11 million people are on the run. The overwhelming majority of the refugees found in neighboring countries and regions for protection.

    Many people are also on their way to Europe and Germany. Tackling the asylum and refugee issues has thus become the biggest domestic and foreign policy task of our time. To accomplish this task, a whole package of measures is needed. This is followed by the actions of federal and state governments align, the federal and state governments have agreed. Further agreements have been reached.

    We have clearly defined our goals:

    Control and organize influx,
    Combat causes of flight,
    Number of refugees reduce,
    Helping people in distress.

    A common and uniform Asylum in the European Union will be one of the major projects that will shape the EU in the coming years. It can not be that only a very small number of EU countries receive the majority of refugees. We stand for solidarity and fair distribution of vulnerable refugees in the EU Member States. The European Union is our will to build together with the UN Refugee Agency registration centers in the EU countries, whose external borders of refugee sand Rank is particularly large.

    Albania, Montenegro and Kosovo are now on as "safe countries of origin" Because nearly all asylum applications by people from these countries to be rejected as unfounded This task includes the enforcement of the obligation to leave -... If necessary by rapid deportation Here are particularly the countries in the duty ,

    Cash benefits are to be replaced in the future as far as possible in initial reception in kind. Payments of cash benefits shall be carried out at the latest one month in advance.

    The health benefits are granted as far after Asylbewerberleistungsgesetz, even if individual federal states want to spend a health card. This card is not comparable with the health insurance card of the legally insured. Trained doctors among the asylum seekers can be integrated into the primary medical care of asylum seekers.

    The people who have prospects of permanent residence should, as quickly as possible integrated into society and the world of work. To this end, the integration courses for asylum seekers with good perspective to stay and for toleration be opened and expanded according to need.

    The federal government has agreed to participate in the general government costs incurred depending on the number of reception of asylum seekers and refugees. For 2015, the federal government relieved the country to two billion euros. From 2016, the federal government contributed to the monthly cost of the countries for the period from registration until the adoption of the asylum communication flat rate of 670 euros per applicant. The federal government also contributes to financing the cost of unaccompanied refugee minors in the amount of 350 million euros.

    Taken together, states and municipalities are expected to savings of about 3.5 billion euros.

    The CDU is committed to the Christian image of humanity and the commitments thereunder. That's why we help asylum and asylum seekers who have fled from their homes by war, persecution and need. This aid complies with the principle of our constitution. Recognized refugees who are fleeing war, civil war or expulsion. For us as a CDU the bid results to make aid also from the C in the party name. Who sometimes asks what the "C" means - here it is very concrete. Asylum will only be granted if political persecution exists. Who does not have these reasons, but for economic reasons comes to us must return to his homeland.

    Our long-term goal must be that not even go refugees in a life-threatening situation. Therefore, a sustainable asylum policy starts with the causes of flight. The EU must work to ensure that the living conditions in the countries of origin of refugees improved persistently. The activities of the relevant ministries (Development and Foreign Office) to combat the causes of flight in the main countries of origin are therefore increased.

    After the terrible terrorist attacks in Paris, the experiment was sporadically made to bring the refugee issue and terrorism in context. This is absurd. The truth is that people are fleeing precisely against this terrorist in their homeland. That at all there is no need to combine the two themes together, or even to ask the Chancellor in the focus of criticism, stressed to the CSU chairman, Prime Minister Horst Seehofer.

    So the task is very complex. Simple solutions can not exist therefore. Federal, state and local authorities are working hard to overcome in the short term together in a joint effort the tasks ahead of us. With commitment and common sense we will pass this test together. Our country has the power and the opportunities to do so.

    More detailed information can be found here:

    https://www.cdu.de/asyl-und-fluechtlingspolitik

    Best regards

    Arthur Sandhaupt
    CRM team

    Civil Service of the CDU Federal office

    This e-mail has been sent by the
    CDU Germany
    Klingelhöferstraße 8
    10785 Berlin
    Phone: 030-22070-0

    You are receiving this email because you have turned with a request to the CDU. For any queries or suggestions you can reach us via the contact form. Your data will be in accordance with our Privacy Policy
    processed.


    ______________________________________________________________________________________________________
    [​IMG]

    Receipt for original message sent to the CDU:

    ENGLISH TRANSLATION:

    Dear Mr Busby,

    Thank you for your message to the CDU. With the following message, you have sent to us:

    We need only 1000HA and used tires in Germany. We can help the refugees.

    Please read this request:

    http://earthship.com/blogs/2015/10/a-call-to-arms-for-the-global-earthship-army/

    With great respect and admiration.
    Marcus Busby XX

    We recognize the current and urgent character of the Syrian refugee crisis. The German government has declared: ". If Germany can not show a friendly face in an emergency situation, this is not my country"

    We suggest / plan a small town prototype, the campus is taught at international Earthship Academy has Syrians to live (in addition to Europeans), how to build a city for themselves, while demonstrating to the Sametime throughout Europe and the world a sustainable approach that requires no infrastructure and no fuel. We all know this is possible. The Earthship concept and the Earthship army are now more powerful and experienced enough to do this ...

    We are looking for a building site 500-1000Ha in size, sponsorship, donations materials, university and NGO partnerships and we open to any suggestions that could continue to support these efforts.

    "If all the soldiers
    of all armies in the world
    stretched their arms
    and would take tools in hand
    to eco-friendly / low-emission
    To build houses for all the peoples of the world
    would solve all our problems
    and all her people could
    begin true life. "

    Michael Reynolds

    Contact:

    Kirsten: kirsten@earthship.com
    Earthship Academy Director, Media Manager

    Deborah: deborah@earthship.com
    Land and material acquisition, monetary donations
     
    Last edited: Dec 19, 2015
  17. Marcus Busby

    Marcus Busby Junior Member

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    Sent: Friday, November 27, 2015 at 11:57 AM
    From: "Arthur Sandhaupt" <arthur.sandhaupt@cdu.de>
    To: city@gardener.com
    Subject: CDU

    Sehr geehrter Herr Busby,

    vielen Dank für Ihre Zuschrift zum Thema Asyl und Flüchtlinge. Ich möchte Ihnen die Position der CDU und die Maßnahmen der CDU-geführten Bundesregierung erläutern. Aufgrund der hohen Zahl von Mails ist es uns leider nicht möglich, auf alle Aspekte im Detail einzugehen.

    Allein infolge des seit 2011 anhaltenden Bürgerkrieges in Syrien sind mehr als 11 Millionen Menschen auf der Flucht. Die überwältigende Mehrheit der Flüchtlinge findet in Nachbarländern und -regionen Schutz.

    Viele Menschen machen sich auch auf den Weg nach Europa und Deutschland. Die Bewältigung der Asyl- und Flüchtlingsproblematik ist damit die größte innen- und außenpolitische Aufgabe unserer Zeit geworden. Um diese Aufgabe zu bewältigen, ist ein ganzes Bündel an Maßnahmen nötig. Daran richten sich die Maßnahmen von Bund und Ländernaus, die Bund und Länder vereinbart haben. Weitere Vereinbarungen wurden getroffen.

    Unsere Ziele haben wir klar definiert:

    Fluchtbewegungen steuern und ordnen,
    Fluchtursachen bekämpfen,
    Zahl der Flüchtlinge reduzieren,
    Menschen in Not helfen.

    Eine gemeinsame und einheitliche Asylpolitik der Europäischen Union wird eines der großen Projekte sein, das die EU in den nächsten Jahren prägen wird. Es kann nicht sein, dass nur eine sehr kleine Zahl von EU-Ländern den Großteil aller Flüchtlinge aufnimmt. Wir setzen uns für eine solidarische und faire Verteilung schutzbedürftiger Flüchtlinge in den EU-Mitgliedsstaaten ein. Die Europäische Union soll nach unserem Willen gemeinsam mit der UN-Flüchtlingshilfe Registrierungszentren in den EU-Staaten errichten, an deren Außengrenzen der Flüchtlingsandrang besonders groß ist.

    Auch Albanien, Montenegro und das Kosovo gelten fortan als „sichere Herkunftsstaaten". Denn nahezu alle Asylanträge von Menschen aus diesen Staaten werden als unbegründet abgelehnt. Dazu gehört dann die Durchsetzung derAusreisepflicht – notfalls durch zügige Abschiebung. Hier stehen besonders die Länder in der Pflicht.

    Bargeldleistungen sollen künftig in Erstaufnahmeeinrichtungen so weit wie möglich durch Sachleistungen ersetzt werden. Auszahlungen von Geldleistungen dürfen längstens einen Monat im Voraus erfolgen.

    Die Gesundheitsleistungen richten sich wie bislang nach dem Asylbewerberleistungsgesetz, auch wenn einzelne Bundesländer eine Gesundheitskarte ausgeben wollen. Diese Karte ist nicht vergleichbar mit der Gesundheitskarte der gesetzlich Versicherten. Ausgebildete Ärzte unter den Asylbewerbern können in die medizinische Erstversorgung der Asylsuchenden eingebunden werden.

    Die Menschen, die eine dauerhafte Bleibeperspektive haben, sollen möglichst schnell in die Gesellschaft und die Arbeitswelt integriert werden. Hierfür werden die Integrationskurse für Asylbewerber mit guter Bleibeperspektive sowie für Geduldete geöffnet und entsprechend des Bedarfs ausgebaut.

    Der Bund hat zugesagt, sich an den gesamtstaatlichen Kosten zu beteiligen, die in Abhängigkeit von der Zahl der Aufnahme der Asylbewerber und Flüchtlinge entstehen. Für das Jahr 2015 entlastet der Bund die Länder um zwei Milliarden Euro. Ab dem Jahr 2016 beteiligt sich der Bund an den Kosten der Länder für den Zeitraum von der Registrierung bis zum Erlass des Asylbescheids pauschal in Höhe von 670 Euro pro Asylbewerber monatlich. Der Bund leistet zudem einen Beitrag zur Finanzierung der Kosten für unbegleitete minderjährige Flüchtlinge in Höhe von 350 Millionen Euro.

    Zusammengenommen werden Länder und Kommunen voraussichtlich um rund 3,5 Milliarden Euro entlastet.

    Die CDU bekennt sich zum christlichen Menschenbild und den daraus erwachsenden Verpflichtungen. Deshalb helfen wir Asyl- und Schutzsuchenden, die vor Krieg, Verfolgung oder Not aus ihrer Heimat geflüchtet sind. Diese Hilfe entspricht dem Gebot unseres Grundgesetzes. Anerkannt werden Flüchtlinge, die vor Krieg, Bürgerkrieg oder Vertreibung fliehen. Für uns als CDU ergibt sich das Gebot zur tätigen Hilfe auch aus dem C im Parteinamen. Wer manchmal fragt, was das „C“ bedeutet – hier wird es ganz konkret. Asyl wird aber nur dann gewährt, wenn eine politische Verfolgung vorliegt. Wer diese Gründe nicht hat, sondern aus wirtschaftlichen Gründen zu uns kommt, muss in seine Heimat zurückkehren.

    Unser langfristiges Ziel muss sein, dass sich Flüchtlinge gar nicht erst in eine lebensbedrohliche Situation begeben. Eine nachhaltige Asylpolitik setzt daher bei den Fluchtursachen an. Die EU muss sich dafür einsetzen, dass sich die Lebenssituation in den Herkunftsländern der Flüchtlinge anhaltend verbessert. Die Aktivitäten der zuständigen Bundesministerien (Entwicklung und Auswärtiges Amt) zur Bekämpfung der Fluchtursachen in den wichtigsten Herkunftsländern werden deshalb aufgestockt.

    Nach den fürchterlichen Terroranschlägen in Paris wurde vereinzelt der Versuch unternommen, die Flüchtlingsthematik und den Terrorismus in Zusammenhang zu bringen. Das ist absurd. In Wahrheit fliehen die Menschen genau vor diesem Terrorismus in ihrer Heimat. Dass überhaupt kein Anlass besteht, die zwei Themen miteinander zu verquicken oder gar die Bundeskanzlerin in den Fokus der Kritik zu stellen, betonte dazu der CSU-Vorsitzende, Ministerpräsident Horst Seehofer.

    Die Aufgabe ist also sehr komplex. Einfache Lösungen kann es daher nicht geben. Bund, Länder und Kommunen arbeiten intensiv daran, miteinander kurzfristig in einem gemeinsamen Kraftakt die vor uns liegenden Aufgaben zu bewältigen. Mit Engagement und gesundem Menschenverstand werden wir diese Bewährungsprobe gemeinsam bestehen. Unser Land hat die Kraft und die Möglichkeiten dazu.

    Ausführlichere Informationen finden Sie hier:
    https://www.cdu.de/asyl-und-fluechtlingspolitik

    Mit freundlichen Grüßen

    Arthur Sandhaupt

    CRM-Team
    Bürgerservice der CDU-Bundesgeschäftsstelle

    Diese E-Mail wurde versendet durch die
    CDU Deutschlands
    Klingelhöferstraße 8
    10785 Berlin
    Telefon: 030-22070-0
    Sie erhalten diese Mail, da Sie sich mit einer Anfrage an die CDU Deutschlands gewandt haben. Bei Rückfragen, oder Anregungen erreichen Sie uns über das Kontaktformular. Ihre Daten werden gemäß unserer Datenschutzbestimmungen
    verarbeitet.


    ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

    ORIGINAL EMAIL ENQUIRY TO THE CDU - via the website:

    Sehr geehrter Herr Busby,

    vielen Dank für Ihre Nachricht an die CDU Deutschlands. Mit folgender Nachricht haben Sie sich an uns gewandt:

    Wir brauchen uns nur 1000HA und alle gebrauchten Reifen in Deutschland . Wir können den Flüchtlingen zu helfen .

    Bitte lesen Sie diese Anfrage:
    http://earthship.com/blogs/2015/10/a-call-to-arms-for-the-global-earthship-army/

    Mit großem Respekt und Bewunderung .
    Marcus Busby XX

    Wir erkennen die aktuellen und drängenden Charakter der syrischen Flüchtlingskrise . Der deutsche Regierungschef hat erklärt : "Wenn Deutschland kann ein freundliches Gesicht in einer Notfallsituation nicht zu zeigen , dann ist dies nicht mein Land. "

    Wir schlagen / planen eine kleine Stadt Prototyp, der Campus ist unterrichtet an internationalen Earthship Academy hat Syrer ( neben Europäer ) , wie man eine Stadt für sich selbst zu bauen , während an der Sametime demonstrieren in ganz Europa und der Welt einen nachhaltigen Ansatz zu leben, dass benötigt keine Infrastruktur und keinen Kraftstoff . Wir alle wissen, ist dies möglich. Das Earthship Konzept und die Earthship Armee sind jetzt leistungsfähiger und erfahren genug , um dies zu tun ...

    Wir sind für eine Baustelle 500-1000Ha in Größe, Sponsoring , Spenden Materialien , Universität und NGO Partnerschaften suchen und wir offen für alle Vorschläge , die weiter diese Bemühungen zu unterstützen könnten.

    “Wenn alle Soldaten
    aus allen Armeen dieser Welt
    ihre Waffen streckten
    und Werkzeuge in die Hand nähmen
    um umweltfreundliche / emissionsarme
    Häuser für alle Völker dieser Welt zu bauen
    würden sich alle unsere Probleme lösen
    und alle Menschen könnten ihr
    wahres Leben anfangen.”

    Michael Reynolds

    Kontakt:

    Kirsten: kirsten@earthship.com
    Earthship Academy director, media manager

    Deborah: deborah@earthship.com
    Land and materials acquisition, monetary donations
     
  18. Marcus Busby

    Marcus Busby Junior Member

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    How Permaculture Can Respond to the Refugee Crisis
    IPC Refugee Working Group

    At the International Permaculture Convergence in England in September 2015 an international group of experienced permaculture practitioners led by Rosemary Morrow met over a four day period to discuss the refugee crisis. They explored in depth how the permaculture movement and communities could respond in practical and positive ways.

    [​IMG]

    “The world’s refugee crisis is merely a symptom of a more profound problem: the world’s tendency to ignore the human tragedies that produce refugees.”

    - The Conversation, September 16, 2015 4.46am BST Ahrarol J. Ingram, ANU

    Continue reading full article here:

    http://www.permaculture.co.uk/articles/how-permaculture-can-respond-refugee-crisis

    Copy and Paste of article:


    Permaculturists are especially well placed to welcome and support refugees because of our principles and knowledge over a wide range of fields and disciplines… and we are everywhere. We understand the civil and environmental conditions that force citizens to leave their homes. We believe that we have some solutions for these and are willing to be active.

    The following is both a strategy and a plan for a workshop that can be run in your community. It is immensely empowering for all participants. It is easy. Take each heading and ask participants to put down their thoughts and knowledge - very concretely, specifying people and places they know of. Take these ideas as a guide not as a rule.

    You will have an excellent plan at the end of the process. Work out who will do what. Ensure people opt in where they feel they really have something to offer and want to contribute.

    Our goal: Plans of Action

    To come up with a document which can be used by any permaculturists anywhere in the world as a basis for developing their own plans of action.

    They can then make it their own with local information and what is supplied here can be deleted or added to.

    We combined all the groups suggestions to achieve this.

    What we did

    Participants from many countries and all continents came together to workshop a document that can be used as a skeleton or framework for engaging with refugees in many situations.

    We divided into groups according to general patterns such as Africa, Europe, Australasia, and the Americas. Each group worked and reported separately.

    Then Engaging with Refugees was also a topic for the Next Big Step session as the convergence for all participants.

    ‘No one leaves home’ writes Kenyan born Somali poet Warsan Shire, ‘unless home is the mouth of a shark’. ‘No one puts their children in a boat unless the water is safer than the land’.


    Building Understanding

    Who are our refugee friends?

    We drew up profiles of the people likely to come to our countries and regions.

    • countries

    • languages

    • skills

    • occupations

    • ages

    • customs

    Basic attitudes and understanding

    • Refugees always leave home involuntarily. It is frightening and uncertain

    • Refugees are immensely grateful for homes, support and friendship

    • Building relationships are key to our approaches

    We took two main questions:

    • How can we prepare?

    • How can we support them through the stages of movement and resettlement?



    How can we prepare?


    We divided the needs and possible overtures we could make fitted the following situations.

    Emergency: On the Road in very makeshift camps

    Arrival in camps

    Recovery: Long term camps and internment

    Housing in communities

    Return home: Safety, support and preparation


    How can we support them through the stages of movement and resettlement?


    We made lists of possible activities and actions to fit these situations.

    The lists are guides only and not prescriptive.


    A. EMERGENCY PREPARATION in your locality


    Accept and Listen

    • Links with churches and faith groups and all other organisations

    • Manage zenophobia

    • Locate people already resident from that country already resident.

    • Find secure and safe places – if people are entering the community

    • Identify and prepare to access immediate needs

    • Events and activities: theatre and music, schools, plan to skills of refugees

    • Awareness to the wider community

    - Let people know in advance the realities of the situation

    • Construction materials

    • Upskill key people first aid, language, water purification etc

    • Communication and leadership

    Partner recognition – groups

    • Team building

    • Put up welcoming signs on every permaculture project

    • Ask your permaculture association what they’d like to do

    • Ask LGA Mayors to declare a ‘refugee friendly' LGA.

    • Learn some language – at least greetings

    • Disaster planning

    • Overview heirarchy of needs

    • Water, alternatives to bottled

    • Shelter and food

    • Find out where refugees are/will be housed

    • Communication

    • Find translators

    • Observe and interact

    • Combine efforts


    B. PEOPLE ON THE ROAD


    Visit when they stop

    • Ask what’s needed

    • Offer realistic assessment of what is ahead of them

    • Help with translations

    • Offer simple drinks, medications

    • Offer phonecalls, updates, weather reports

    • Make purchases and meet necessities

    • Offer quietness and calm


    C. ON ARRIVAL: TRANSITION PHASE in camps or communities


    Assist with basics and meet specific needs

    Create trust, learning and restorative opportunities

    • Tea, cake, chocolate

    • Registration

    • Lost and found and connecting

    • Accommodation

    • Activate water, food, energy, communication, health plans

    • Occupy through your teams for local and refugee populations

    • and give tasks for work groups

    • Meet cultural needs

    • Sort immediate needs for health, hygiene, death, training and communications

    • Translations

    • Help with communication back to homes and family

    • Celebrate

    • Longer term develop learning about everything and skills for work

    • Run short courses such as AVP and cultural expectations


    D. LONG TERM CAMPS AND IN THE COMMUNITY


    All camps to be productive, learning and restorative centres

    Adapt all camp activities if released into communities

    Co-ops

    • Courses in camps

    • Make connexions before people take off from camps

    • Buy land

    • Melanesia – buying land in Fiji

    • See potential

    • Refugee Support Associations

    • All projects to be refugee friendly

    • Bike repair etc.

    • Integrate all refugees into local groups eg music, arts, trades, professional

    • Invite people to your home


    E. RECOVERY


    • Support in designing and retrofitting housing

    • Assist NGOs with outputs and inputs

    • Ask what they need – identify elements

    • People care

    • Clowns

    • Sharing food

    • Language and pc training.

    • Involve permaculture graduates

    • Build friendships


    F. ABLE TO GO HOME


    • Offer books, food, addresses, small gifts

    • Possibly go with them

    • Help them design a life that is better than it was physically and mentally - permaculture

    • Stay connected


    Conference group worked with these questions


    • How do we become more effective in working with refugees?

    • What do we need to do?


    How to be more effective in working with refugees?


    • Connect with refugee networks at home and in other countries

    • Get involved through shared living or activities

    • Be positive and get the message out

    • Alternatives to Violence and provide protection

    • Learn refugee human rights and share them


    What do we need to do?


    • Teach/foster skills/knowledge to generate income

    • Engage and work with refugees

    • Permaculture training

    • Make a letterhead for a group support (the government doesn’t know how big you are)

    • Put the message out ‘we are refugee friendly’

    • Be visible and develop posters

    • Connect with others who want to help

    • Invite refugees to your homes and projects



    Rosemary Morrow is one of the Grandmothers of the Permaculture Movement. She has focussed her work in Afghanistan, Uganda, East Timor, Solomon Islands, Vietnam and other places where disease, war and climatic disasters have created people of greatest need. Her unique perspective on permaculture for refugees is explored in this short video filmed during her Teacher Training at Applewood Permaculture Centre in the UK in the summer of 2015.

     
    Last edited: Jan 8, 2016
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  19. Livingston

    Livingston New Member

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    So much in the news I hear the states or candidates who want to pretend refugees do not exist. It breaks my heart. Your listing and posts are refreshing and eye-opening. We need to know this, so thank you. I remember when I was in third grade and I read the Chernobyl residents were given a shoebox of uncontaminated soil to plant in, and how I cried. I grew up the rural North Dakota and schools were closing and houses were sitting vacant. In Kenmare you could buy a house for one dollar. I took all the money I had and asked my great grandma to drive me there to get an appointment with the mayor. This was a huge request because she only took the car out of the garage four times a year for medical appointments. I offered all my money, about twenty dollars, to the mayor to buy twenty house and asked him to give the houses to twenty families displaced and poisoned
     
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  20. Marcus Busby

    Marcus Busby Junior Member

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    WHY GREEN INFRASTRUCTURE IN A REFUGEE SETTLEMENT ?
    Peer-reviewed papers (with links) to support the proposition (1/6)

    Summary of papers in French and English



    Typologie et des exemples de prestations de santé rapportés d'interagir avec la nature - modifié depuis Keniger et al. (2013) avec des catégories, des exemples et des références supplémentaires.
    Typology and examples of reported health benefits of interacting with nature – modified from Keniger et al. (2013) with added categories, examples, and references.


    • Avantages / Benefits

    • Description / Description

    • Exemples / Examples

    • Sélection de références / Selected references



    Psychologique / Psychological


    Effet positif sur les processus mentaux et du comportement
    Positive effect on mental processes and behavior


    Bien-être psychologique
    Psychological well-being
    (Catanzaro and Ekanem, 2004, Curtin, 2009, Kamitsis and Francis, 2013, Kaplan, 2001, Maller et al., 2006, Moore et al., 2006, Nisbet et al., 2011, Sugiyama et al., 2008 and Pretty, 2004)


    La restauration de l'attention / perçue réparation
    Attention restoration/perceived restorativeness
    (Hartig and Staats, 2006, Kaplan and Kaplan, 1989, Tyrvainen et al., 2014, White et al., 2010 and White et al., 2013)


    Diminution de la dépression, de découragement, de colère, de l'agressivité, de la frustration, l'hostilité, le stress
    Decrease in depression, apathy, anger, aggressiveness, frustration, hostility, stress
    (Kuo and Sullivan, 2001a, Morita et al., 2007 and Park et al., 2011)


    Augmentation de l'estime de soi
    Increased self-esteem
    (Kaplan, 1974, Maller, 2009, Pretty et al., 2007 and Pretty et al., 2005)



    Positif / améliore l'humeur
    Positive/improved mood
    (Tyrvainen et al., 2014, Park et al., 2011, Pretty et al., 2005, Coon et al., 2011, Cracknell, 2013, Driver et al., 1991, Hartig et al., 1996, Shin et al., 2011, Ten Wolde, 1999, Tsunetsugu et al., 2013, Wyles et al., 2014 and Lee et al., 2014)


    Diminution de l'anxiété et de tension
    Reduced anxiety and tension
    (Park et al., 2011, Pretty et al., 2005, Lee et al., 2014, Chang and Chen, 2005, Maas et al., 2009a and Song et al., 2014)


    Augmenter le comportement prosocial / amélioration du comportement
    Increased prosocial behavior/improved behavior
    (Han, 2009 and Zhang et al., 2014)


    Augmentation des possibilités de réflexion
    Increased opportunities for reflection
    (Fuller et al., 2007 and Herzog et al., 1997)


    Vitalité et la vigueur accrue / diminution de la fatigue
    Increased vitality and vigor/decreased fatigue
    (Nisbet et al., 2011, Tyrvainen et al., 2014, Park et al., 2011, Pretty et al., 2005, Song et al., 2014 and Ryan et al., 2010)


    La créativité accrue
    Increased creativity
    (Tyrvainen et al., 2014)


    Augmentation du bonheur
    Increased happiness
    (MacKerron and Mourato, 2013)


    Augmentation de la sérénité, de confort et de rafraîchissement
    Increased calmness, comfort and refreshment
    (Park et al., 2009)


    Amélioration de l'image du corps pour les femmes
    Improved body image for women
    (Hennigan, 2010)




    Réduction TDAH chez les enfants
    Reduced ADHD in children
    (Kuo and Taylor, 2004 and Taylor et al., 2001)


    Amélioration de la santé émotionnelle sociale, des enfants; l'estime de soi
    Improved emotional, social health of children; self-worth
    (Maller, 2009 and Wells and Evans, 2003)


    Amélioration de la qualité de la vie
    Improved quality of life
    (Song et al., 2012)
     
    Last edited: Jan 8, 2016

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