5 ha Polyculture Farm Design – Suhi Dol Revisited
Paul Alfrey from Balkan Ecology Project shares with us his observations and thoughts in regards to a visit he made to a farm he designed and how it slowly developed into a polyculture of fruit trees, aquaculture and vegetable gardens.
Last week Dylan and I set off on a road trip to discover the flora and fauna of the North East of Bulgaria. Our first stop was to Catherine Zanev ‘s farm in Todorovo, North Bulgaria. As those of you familiar with our project may recall, this was a farm I designed in 2013. I had not visited the place for some time and was very excited to see how the plans had emerged into reality.
Catherine’s goals for the plot were to create a polyculture farm with focus on producing fruit for juicing, to include vegetable production for a CSA (Community Supported Agriculture) scheme and to experiment with dye plants. The design was complete by 2015 and implementation began that year.
The design concept for Suhi Dol was to create an agroforestry system of “Belts” that are comprised of mixed species fruit trees, soft fruits and nitrogen fixing shrubs planted in “Rows” under-storied with support plants, herbs and perennial vegetables. Between the rows are the “Alleys”. The Alleys have potential to be used for growing hay, cereals, vegetables, herbs or rearing pasture raised poultry such as chickens or turkeys. Integrated throughout the belts and around the perimeter are various beneficial habitats to enhance biodiversity. The designed system is an elaboration of Alley Cropping and is based on tried and tested models of our small scale forest garden systems scaled up.
Here is an illustration of the belt layout
This is the overall site design from 2013
Here are Catherine and her husband Adjmal in the middle of a belt sown with corn in the alleys, shrub rows of aronia and currants, and mixed fruit trees apple, plum, cherry and quince in the tree rows either side of them.
Allium tuberosum – Garlic Chives
Echinacea purpurea – Purple Coneflower
Foeniculum vulgare – Fennel
Sedem telephium – Orpine
Symphytum x uplandicum – Comfrey
Irrigation and Ponds
The Farm Building
The Nursery Garden
If you would like to create a forest garden and gain some practical hands on experience take a look at our course coming up this Autumn. We’ll be covering site surveying, landscape design software, installing access, beds, irrigation channels, planting tree, shrub, herb and ground layers and making a small wildlife pond. All in 3 days! And plenty of follow up material to take away with you to digest slowly.
Other Articles by Paul: