The Birth of a Wooden House: Carpentry and Resilience in Latvia
In this video Jacob Neeman shows us an account of the building of his house in Latvia. What do you need to build a wooden house? Jacob starts at the beginning, with the forest. From a permaculture perspective this is very interesting; he is clearly engaging with the local ecosystem and uses mainly natural and local resources, with “Lime, sand and concrete mixture [used] only in small amounts”. Every step of the process is done by hand which is impressive especially when you see the finished product!
The house is made following a traditional Latvian design. “In the walls, timber frame and roof construction”, Jacob says in the video description, “I used only wood joints and wooden pegs to hold the main construction together – no nails, screws or steel plates”. He also chars the exterior wood frame pieces using a technique adapted from the Japanese Shou Sugi Ban (焼杉板). This all-natural technique has been used in Norway where, Jacob says, there are wooden stave churches which have been standing for more than 500 years. In Japan, the pagoda of the Horyuji Temple in Nara built using Shou Sugi Ban is widely considered the “oldest wooden building in the world” (see for example 1,2), the current version of which was probably completed in the year 711 AD (2). So Jacob’s house stands a pretty good chance of being resilient!
As a showcase of the techniques and styles used in the construction this video is very inspirational and there is easily enough information provided to explore further if you wish to do any of these things yourself. If you are into carpentry there is plenty of eye candy for you, but there are also some beautiful shots – from the snow-clad Latvian forests and collecting moss in the local swamp to close-ups of the charred wood-grain and of the feline helpers – which make the video enjoyable as well as informative.
1. UNESCO, 2016. ‘Horyuji Temple’. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/660
2. Web Japan, 2001. ‘100 Years Older Than Supposed? World Heritage Pagoda’. http://web-japan.org/trends00/honbun/tj010330.html