Category: Soil Biology

What are Effective Microorganisms?


Effective Microorganisms (EM) are mixed cultures of beneficial naturally-occurring organisms that can be applied as inoculants to increase the microbial diversity of soil ecosystem. They consist mainly of the photosynthesizing bacteria, lactic acid bacteria, yeasts, actinomycetes and fermenting fungi. These microorganisms are physiologically compatible with one another and can coexist in liquid culture. There is evidence that EM inoculation to the soil can improve the quality of soil, plant growth […]

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Introducing Nitrogen Fixing Trees: Nature’s Solution to Curing N2 Deficiency


Nitrogen deficiency is a major challenge to world agriculture. This element is one of the most important nutrients for the growth and survival of plants. Roughly 78% of earth’s atmosphere consists of this gas essential to supporting life. However, plant life is unable to derive vital nutrients from its gaseous form. Instead, plants must pull nitrogen from their soil. The introduction of chemicals to compensate for nitrogen deficiency has created […]

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Food Sovereignty


‘Food sovereignty’ is fast becoming a lost concept; the right to have the knowledge and resources to grow our own food is an essential right. If we don’t have access to nutrient dense organic food, then where do we get the essential energy to heal our body, mind and spirit certainly not from the supermarket where the average ‘fresh food’, in Australia food often travels more than 1000klms from farm […]

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Soil Degradation: Another Carbon Story

Soil degradation can be a depressing topic. It is generally accepted that the decline in soil quality across Australia following European settlement has been extensive, and extreme in some areas. Soil degradation involves a reduction in soil quality, and this can refer to a decline in physical, chemical or biological properties, or to the actual loss of soil through erosion and transport away from the land. And these are commonly […]

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Nottinghill Forest Garden – 2012: Consolidation & Diversification – Part B

This is Part Three (B) of a series of Articles, that critically discuss’s the Nottinghill Forest Garden Project from Analysis – to Implementation – to Future Idea’s. Part One can be found here. Part Two can be found here. Part Three (A) can be found here. 2012: Consolidation & Diversification Spring Cover Cropping March: Late spring Water harvesting feature upgrades, complete by the first week of March, were installed just […]

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World Changer Interview Series – Nicholas Burtner Interviews Elaine Ingham

The world’s leading soil scientist and creator of the Soil Food Web, Dr Elaine Ingham, sits down to a fun and down to earth interview with Nicholas Burtner where she answers many questions of how she got to be where she is today, plus many other GMO and soil goodies.

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Part Two – Nottinghill Forest Garden – 2011: Project Commencement

This is Part two of a series of Articles, that critically discuss’s the Nottinghill Forest Garden Project from Analysis – to Implementation – to Future Idea’s. Part one can be found here Site Preparation Discussion “Mainframe Design” Although observation and basic design began in 2010, we did not commence the garden in earnest until January of 2011. After analyzing our site’s conditions and forming a basic long-term vision for the […]

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Nottinghill Forest Garden – Project Overview 2010 – 2014

This is Part one of a series of Articles, that critically discuss’s the Nottinghill Forest Garden Project from Analysis – to Implementation – to Future Idea’s. Fall 2010: Initial Site Analysis & Goal Setting An initial site analysis for our property was much easier than at others due to a variety of factors: a) we have lived and observed (albeit with less attention to detail than now) the property throughout […]

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Re-Greening a Mountain

Re-Greening a Mountain video trailer. See the full version on When Geoff Lawton says this is the best Permaculture demonstration site on the planet, then you have to stop and listen. “Where is it exactly?” I asked, as I’ve never heard of this place. I didn’t know the Chinese were even into permaculture. “Kadoorie Farm” he said and he insisted we go there and film. “It’s in Hong Kong […]

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Updated – Worm Farming at Zaytuna Farm

Photos © Ingrid Pullen This update is in response to very kind and supportive readers who have read Worm farming at Zaytuna Farm and have made very intelligent questions about it and to my protracted and thoughtful review of it. The original article is reproduced under the update.

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This Zero-Cost, Waste-Eliminating Practice Can Produce Abundant Crops from Healthy, Restored Soils for Generations to Come

Photography by Jasmine A Koster What is zero-cost, waste-eliminating and can restore soils to fertility to produce abundant crops for generations to come? Biochar. Gloria Flora gave a presentation on biochar at the Fourth Annual Inland Northwest Permaculture Convergence. She discussed biochar as a method for producing energy and amending soil from waste products that end up in the landfill. “This is the Permaculture idea of capturing everything…with the pig, […]

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Worm Farming at Zaytuna Farm

Photos © Ingrid Pullen Worms are an essential part of a permanent agricultural system. At Zaytuna Farm worm farming has been developed into a very productive system. The feed stock we use is the contents of composting toilets and animal manures. The worm farm product is included in the potting mix for the plants grown in the plant nursery of the farm, producing very healthy and productive plants.

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